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    高考英语阅读真题来源外刊素材精讲精练20句

    2021-01-27 外研社高中英语 13 ℃ 0 评论
    原文标题:高考英语阅读真题来源外刊素材精讲精练20句
    本文摘要:高考英语阅读真题来源外刊素材精讲精练20句 1. Dr. Zhang planted her in the familys living room with instructions to look after herself. (来自:每... ...
    本文关键词:外研社高中英语精讲精练,外研社高中英语必修教师版一高中英语必修一录音带外研社
    正文:
    高考英语阅读真题来源外刊素材精讲精练20句



    1. Dr. Zhang planted her in the family's living room with instructions to look after herself.


    (来自:每日外刊精读 8-19一位抗疫医生的故事:"我不能倒下")


    张大夫把女儿放在家中的客厅里,并交待她要照顾自己。


    plant vt. 安置


    plant sb./oneself in someplace = place sb./ sth. in … 把某人安置/安顿在某个固定地方


    小试牛刀:翻译


    1)五年前,我就在北京安顿了下来。


    ______________________________________________________________________


    (Key: I planted myself at Beijing five years ago.)




    2)记者们向警方提供了信息,警方安插了一名卧底侦探诱捕史密斯。


    ______________________________________________________________________


    (Key: Journalists informed police who planted an undercover detective to trap Smith. )




    2. As her parents' conditions worsened, Dr. Zhang struggled to get them admitted to a hospital.


    (来自:每日外刊精读 8-19一位抗疫医生的故事:"我不能倒下")


    随着她父母的病情恶化,张大夫却难以找到能收治他们的医院。


    vt.& vi. 恶化;变得更坏;更坏= go ill; change for the worse


    拓展:类似en作后缀,变动词的词汇:


    threaten恐吓;strengthen使……变长,加强;loosen 使放松;tighten 使变紧;weaken 削弱, (使)变弱;worsen (使)变得更坏, 恶化, 损害;deepen,使……变深widen 加宽, 放宽, 扩展;fasten,其含义为"使固定";lessen(减少)frighten(使惊吓);lengthen(延长,使……变长);heighten(提高,升高)


    小试牛刀:语法填空


    1) Setbacks come to everyone. Never let failure ______________(weak) your will and confidence.(Key: weaken)


    2) Attention please. The airplane is to land soon, so please ____________(fast) your safety belt. (Key: fasten)


    3) The course is an exciting opportunity for anyone wishing to___________(deep) their understanding of themselves and other people. (Key: deepen)




    3. Then, 10 quarantine spots opened up for family of Zhongnan Hospital staff,…


    (来自:每日外刊精读 8-19一位抗疫医生的故事:"我不能倒下")


    随后,中南医院在一座本要拆除的建筑内为家属开放了10个隔离点。


    family of the staff(员工)家属


    拓展:与"staff"相关的常用短语


    Professional Staff 专业人员 ; 专业人士 Sales Staff 销售人员 ; 售楼员 ;


    office staff 上班族 ; 办公室职员 ; Excellent staff 优秀工作者 ;




    4. Dr. Zhang raced to grab a number to reserve a spot, …


    (来自:每日外刊精读 8-19一位抗疫医生的故事:"我不能倒下")


    张大夫奔到现场抢到了一个隔离点的预约号,……


    grab vt. 占领,夺取, 引起注意;匆忙做……




    小试牛刀:中英互译


    1)Grab that waiter, Mary Ann.


    ______________________________________________________________________(Key:玛丽•安,叫住那个服务生。)


    2)在他就要掉下午的时候,我设法抓住了她的手。


    ______________________________________________________________________


    (Key:At the moment of his falling down, I managed to grab her hand. )


    3) Grab a beer.


    ______________________________________________________________________(Key:快喝杯啤酒吧。)




    5. After the chaos that day, she suddenly remembered her daughter back home. She tried calling and pulled over her car.


    (来自:每日外刊精读 8-19一位抗疫医生的故事:"我不能倒下")


    她试着打电话,把车停在了路边,内心充满了内疚和绝望。


    pull over 靠边停车


    拓展:pull up 停下;阻止 pull out驶出 pull together 齐心协力 pull on 穿戴


    小试牛刀:选词填空


    And if we have time, we will often ___________ and pick up the waste alongside the road.


    A. pull up B. pull over C. pull on D. pull out


    (Key: B)




    6. She was overwhelmed with feelings of guilt and hopelessness.


    (来自:每日外刊精读 8-19一位抗疫医生的故事:"我不能倒下")


    她的内心充满了内疚和绝望。


    overwhelm vt.(感情或感觉)充溢,难以禁受;


    overwhelming a. 巨大的;压倒性的;无法抗拒的;


    overwhelmingly ad. 压倒性地;


    be overwhelmed with sth. 被某事压垮


    小试牛刀:语法填空


    1) She had the almost_________________(overwhelm)desire to tell him the truth.


    (Key: overwhelming)


    2) The people voted _______________ (overwhelm)for change.


    (Key: overwhelmingly)


    3) I'm______________(overwhelm)with all the stress.


    (Key: overwhelmed)




    7. Dr. Zhang felt terrible but tried to coax her daughter to understand.


    (来自:每日外刊精读 8-19一位抗疫医生的故事:"我不能倒下")


    张大夫心里很难受,但还是试图哄她的女儿,让她理解。


    coax vt. 哄;哄诱;慢慢将…弄好;


    coaxing n. 试图劝诱;耐心地发动(机器)adj. 劝诱的;


    coax sb. to do sth. 哄着某人做某事(coax sb. into doing sth.)


    小试牛刀:语法填空


    To me, my dad is always my best instructor as he can always coax me__________ talking about myself.


    (Key:into)




    8 .When the coronavirus exploded in Wuhan ...(


    来自每日外刊8-31美国小女孩回国难逃新冠 )


    新冠疫情在武汉爆发时...


    explode vi. 爆发= break out;爆炸=blow up;激增,暴涨 increases suddenly / rapidly


    小试牛刀:翻译


    1) 昨夜两股武装势力有了一次激战,城里到处响起爆炸声。


    ______________________________________________________________________


    (Key:The two armed forces had a fierce fight last night and bombs were exploding all around the city. )


    2) 巴西的新冠确诊人数急剧增加。


    ______________________________________________________________________


    (Key:The coronavirus cases exploded in Brazil. )




    9. Her husband was away, her parents were sick and contagious, and …


    (来自:每日外刊精读 8-19一位抗疫医生的故事:"我不能倒下")


    她的丈夫不在身边,父母患上了会传染的病,…


    contagious a. 传染性的;会蔓延的;有感染力的


    小试牛刀:翻译


    1)新型冠状病毒是一种高度接触传染的肺病。


    ______________________________________________________________________(Key:Novel coronavirus is a highly contagious disease of the lungs. )





    2)笑是有感染力的。所以,多微笑吧,它能让你交到更多朋友。


    Laughing is contagious. So, smile more as it brings you more friends.




    10. This time the young girl has it. So does her father. And her grandparents.(来自 每日外刊8-31美国小女孩回国难逃新冠)


    这一次,小女孩没能幸免,同时被确诊的还有她的父亲以及祖父母。


    小试牛刀:语法填空


    In the car accident, the driver was injured. So___________ his wife and his three-year- old little girl.


    (Key: was)




    11...the "inability to control the virus made it exponentially worse.


    (来自每日外刊8-31美国小女孩回国难逃新冠 )


    防控不力让疫情严重恶化。


    1) able adj. unable adj. ability n. inability n.


    ability to do something 有能力做某事


    inability to do...没有能力做某事/ 对于……的无能为力


    小试牛刀:语法填空


    有些家庭因无力支付医疗费用而得不到医治。


    Some families go without medical treatment because of their_____________(able) to pay. (Key: inability)


    control the virus 控制病毒


    拓展 "控制疫情"近义表达:curb/tame/stop the pandemic




    12. "I've just been watching with a jaw dropped." (来自每日外刊8-31美国小女孩回国难逃新冠)


    我只能震惊地看着这一切发生。


    with a jaw dropped 惊讶 jaw-dropping adj. 令人惊讶的




    小试牛刀:翻译


    我知道他们房租价格的时候,惊的下巴都掉下来了。


    Key:My jaw dropped when I found out how much they were paying in rent.


    写作:所有同学包括邓肯老师,都无不惊叹于Tom的完美表现。听的时候,他们(惊得)下巴都要掉下来了。


    All the classmate, as well as Mr. Duncan, were amazed at Tom perfect performance while listening, with their jaws dropped.




    13....as western Tennessee emerges as a fresh hotbed of the fast-spreading virus. (来自每日外刊8-31美国小女孩回国难逃新冠)


    同时,田纳西州西部也成为了病毒快速传播的新温床。


    emerge vi. (to come out of a dark, confined or hidden place; to become known)出现,浮现;开始显现,崭露头角


    emerge = appear, arise, come forth, come out, go forth


    拓展:emerging a.新兴的;出现的 emergence n.出现;浮现;发生


    小试牛刀:语法填空


    With the _______________(emerge) of some new types of jobs, new problems________________(emerge) too.


    (Key: emergence; emerge)


    14. In recent weeks, many parents have realized the agonizing truth about school this fall.(来自每日外刊8-21居家学习小组,微学校以及家教:家长们能靠自己解决教育危机吗?)


    最近几个星期,很多家长意识到了秋季开学的棘手状况。


    agonizing a. 使人痛苦的,令人苦恼的,令人焦虑不安的 =distressing/ bitter


    拓展:agonizingly adv. agonize vt. & vi. (感到/使)痛苦 agonized adj. 感到痛苦的


    小试牛刀:用 agonize的适当形式填空


    1) We've all ____________over difficult decisions. Go to college or backpack around Europe? (Key: agonized)


    2) I hope they will realize the ___________truth about English study: it's not about what to learn, it's about when you start to learn. (Key: agonizing)


    3) The rate at which hair grows can be ______________ slow. (Key: agonizingly)




    15. One parent said. "Kids at this age really need that multimodal sensory learning." (来自每日外刊8-21居家学习小组,微学校以及家教:家长们能靠自己解决教育危机吗?)


    一位家长说, "这个年纪的孩子需要那种多(模态)感官学习。"


    multimodal sensory learning 多感官学习; modal n. 形式; multimodal adj. 多模态的


    拓展:multi-词根:表示"很多,很多"


    multilingual a. 多种语言的; multidirectional a. 多方向的; multiple a.多样的;多功能的; multiply a.乘;繁殖


    multiform a.多种多样的; multicultural a.多种文化的; multimedia a.多媒体的 multitude a.多数;群


    小试牛刀:翻译


    多媒体教学已经广泛运用于课堂教学。


    _________________________________________________________________________


    (Key: Multimedia teaching has been widely used in classroom-teaching process.)




    16.Given the financial and time costs of podding, …(来自每日外刊8-21居家学习小组,微学校以及家教:家长们能靠自己解决教育危机吗?)


    考虑到居家小组学习模式的经济和时间成本,…


    given放在句首,是一个介词,意为 "鉴于,考虑到" (=considering sth.); 作形容词意为"指定的,安排好的",常常作前置定语


    小试牛刀:句子翻译


    1. 鉴于她真的对孩子感兴趣,教师这一职业对她来说很合适。


    _________________________________________________________________________


    (Key:Given that she was really interested in children, teaching was a proper career for her .)


    2. 既定程序需要多长时间?


    _________________________________________________________________________


    (Key:How much time a given process takes?)




    17.…they will likely be more popular among privileged families. (来自每日外刊8-21居家学习小组,微学校以及家教:家长们能靠自己解决教育危机吗?)


    他们(居家小组学习模式)可能在条件优渥的家庭中会更流行。


    privilege n.荣幸,特权 privileged a.有特权的;受到优待的


    小试牛刀:用 privilege的适当形式填空


    1)It has been a great __________________to serve as your Secretary-General and I feel greatly ____________to make a speech here.


    (Key: privilege; privileged)


    2)After growing up in a wealthy New York City suburb, Mira Riad, could be leading a life of_____________leisure.


    (Key: privileged)




    18…funding for already starved public schools could drop further.


    (来自每日外刊8-21居家学习小组,微学校以及家教:家长们能靠自己解决教育危机吗?)


    本就难以为继的公立学校能获得的资金可能会进一步减少。


    starve v.饿死;急需 starving a. starved a.极度饥饿的


    小试牛刀:翻译


    1. 两只饥饿的狼 2.我很饿 3.我快饿死了


    4.我很想要水喝 5. a starved plant 6.饥饿的难民


    (Key: 1. two starved wolves 2. I'm starving. 3. I'm starved to death. 4. I'm starving for some water. 5.一株枯竭的植物6. starving refugees)




    19.Another concern about pods is that families may not know how to minimize Covid risks. (来自每日外刊8-21居家学习小组,微学校以及家教:家长们能靠自己解决教育危机吗?)


    另一个令人关心的问题是,这些家庭可能不知道如何把新冠感染风险控制到最低。


    minimize vt. 最小化 反义词:maximize vt. 最大化


    minimum n. 最小值 maximum n. 最大值


    小试牛刀:句子翻译


    如果你想最大化地利用你的时间,首先你要学会专注。


    If you want to minimize your time, first of all, you'd learn to concentrate.




    20…and families in learning pods shouldn't be socializing with people outside the pod. (来自每日外刊8-21居家学习小组,微学校以及家教:家长们能靠自己解决教育危机吗?)


    参加学习小组的家庭也不应该和外人有社交往来。


    socialize vi. 社交 social a.社会的;交际的 n. 联谊会 sociable a.善于交际的


    小试牛刀:用 social的适当形式填空。


    As _____________animals, we all learn to _______________with the ones around no matter you're ____________ or not.


    (Key: social, socialize, sociable)


    本文作者:cambridge,转载本文请注明作者出处~

    标签:外研社高中英语精讲精练

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